Biden prepares order to shut asylums if a median of two,500 migrants arrive day by day

WASHINGTON – The White House told lawmakers that President Joe Biden is preparing to sign an executive order that Asylum applications on the U.S.-Mexico border once the common variety of day by day encounters at ports of entry reaches 2,500. The border won’t reopen until that number drops to 1,500, several people aware of the discussions say.

The figure of two,500 implies that the implementing regulation could come into force immediately since the day by day numbers are actually higher.

The Democratic president is predicted to unveil the measures – his most aggressive unilateral move to this point to regulate border crossings – at an event on the White House on Tuesday, which can include Border Mayor were invited.

Brownsville Mayor John Cowen delivers remarks during a visit to the southern border in Brownsville, Texas, on Feb. 29, 2024, as President Joe Biden looks on. Cowen is traveling to Washington on Tuesday, June 4, where Biden is expected to announce an executive order outlining his latest and most aggressive plan to limit the number of migrants allowed to seek asylum in the U.S. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci, File)
Brownsville Mayor John Cowen delivers remarks during a visit to the southern border in Brownsville, Texas, on Feb. 29, 2024, as President Joe Biden looks on. Cowen is traveling to Washington on Tuesday, June 4, where Biden is predicted to announce an executive order outlining his latest and most aggressive plan to limit the variety of migrants allowed to hunt asylum within the U.S. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci, File)

Five people aware of Monday's discussions confirmed the two,500 figure, while two of the people confirmed the 1,500 figure. The numbers are day by day averages over the course of per week. All of the people insisted on anonymity to debate an executive order that has not yet been released.

While other border activities, reminiscent of trade, are expected to proceed, the 1,500 encounters threshold that might reopen the border to asylum seekers could also be difficult to succeed in. The last time the day by day average dropped to 1,500 encounters was in July 2020, at the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Senior White House officials, including Chief of Staff Jeff Zients and Director of Legislative Affairs Shuwanza Goff, have been briefing lawmakers on Capitol Hill on the small print of the planned order ahead of its official announcement Tuesday. But some questions remain about how the manager order would work, particularly how much cooperation the U.S. would wish from Mexican officials to implement the manager order.

The president has been considering for months how you can proceed on his own after bipartisan laws to limit the best of asylum on the border failed because Republicans withdrew from the agreement in large numbers on the urging of Donald Trump, the previous president and certain Republican presidential nominee. Biden continued to think about executive motion regardless that the variety of illegal crossings on the southern border has been declining for months, partly as a consequence of increased efforts by Mexico.

Biden administration officials had waited until after Mexico's presidential election on Sunday to maneuver forward with the U.S. president's border measures. Mexico elected Claudia Sheinbaum, the country's first female leader, and Biden said in an announcement Monday that he was committed to “advancing the values ​​and interests of both nations for the benefit of our peoples.” The two spoke by phone Monday, though White House press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre declined to comment on whether or not they had discussed the pending order.

“We continue to evaluate all the options on the table,” Jean-Pierre told reporters traveling with Biden aboard Air Force One on Monday evening.

The executive order will allow Biden to declare that he has pushed the boundaries of his own power after lawmakers, particularly Republicans in Congress, rolled back the hardest border and asylum restrictions in a protracted time. Biden's order goals to forestall a possible surge in border encounters that might occur later this yr, just before the November election.

For Biden's executive order, the White House is borrowing some policies directly from the Senate's bipartisan border deal, including the thought of ​​limiting asylum applications once encounters reach a certain number. The administration desires to encourage migrants to use for asylum at ports of entry by utilizing U.S. Customs and Border Protection's CBP One app, which schedules about 1,450 appointments a day.

The administration's lawyers have planned to make use of the manager powers of Section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, which provides the president broad authority to dam certain immigrants from entering the U.S. if doing so is deemed “detrimental” to the national interest. It's the identical legal justification Trump used as president for a few of his hardest immigration policies.

Interest groups are already preparing to challenge Biden's immigration order in court.

“We need to review the (executive order) before we can make final decisions on litigation,” said Lee Gelernt, an American Civil Liberties Union attorney who led several of probably the most high-profile lawsuits against Trump's border policies. “But a policy that effectively closes asylum would raise clear legal issues, just as it did when the Trump administration tried to end asylum.”

The White House can be sure to face vocal opposition from many Democratic lawmakers. California Senator Alex Padilla, a staunch critic of the Senate's previous border bill, said the pending order is “simply not the solution we need, and as a strategy, it's very incomplete.”

Padilla, who was also briefed on the proposal by the White House, wants an approach that works with countries across Latin America to handle the poverty and unrest that drives migration to the U.S. In recent weeks, Padilla has also pressed the White House for executive actions that profit immigrants, and said the response he has received is, “We're working on it.”

Biden will unveil his executive order accompanied by several border region mayors who the White House has invited to the announcement. Texas Mayors John Cowen of Brownsville and Ramiro Garza of Edinburg have each confirmed their invitations, and the office of San Diego Mayor Todd Gloria also said the White House invited the mayor but that he was unable to attend as a consequence of scheduling difficulties.

Rep. Henry Cuellar, a Texas Democrat who said he had been briefed on the plan, said he wished the White House had taken executive motion way back, adding that Mexico's cooperation will proceed to be crucial because the administration implements the order.

“When you think about the logistics, where else are they going to go?” Cuellar said. “If they don't let them in, where are they going to go? Do they bring them back (to Mexico) or do they try to deport as many as they can? We've put a lot more money into ICE so they can be deported, but the easiest thing to do, of course, is just send them back to Mexico. To make that work, you need Mexico's help.”

Jennifer Babaie, an attorney with the Las Americas Immigrant Advocacy Center in El Paso, Texas, said she could be concerned if Biden issued formal deportation orders without giving residents a likelihood to hunt asylum, something lawyers fear he may attempt to do by invoking Rule 212(f).

The pandemic-era deportation power, often known as Title 42, has “a silver lining” for migrants because they’ll try again without fear of legal consequences, Babaie said. But a proper deportation order would expose them to criminal prosecution in the event that they tried again and would bar them from entering the country legally in the long run.

“This is even more extreme than (Title 42) and still puts people in danger,” Babaie said.

Associated Press writers Elliot Spagat in San Diego and Fatima Hussein on Air Force One contributed to this report.

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