Biden's immigration order won't solve the issues quickly – 4 things it’s best to know concerning the changes

Immigration is a top issue within the upcoming presidential election – and President Joe Biden’s latest implementing regulation Restricting opportunities for migrants Applying for asylum will probably bring the difficulty much more to the forefront national policy.

The variety of undocumented migrants crossing the US-Mexico border has skyrocketed lately. 249,785 arrests along the border in December 2023. This represents a 13% increase from the 222,018 migrants apprehended by Border Patrol along the U.S.-Mexico border in December 2022.

Jean Lantz Reiszan immigration law expert on the University of Southern California, explains 4 necessary things to know concerning the impact of this executive order and its influence on immigration trends.

A white man with white hair and a dark blue suit stands at a podium with the presidential seal, in front of an American flag and a blue screen that reads
President Joe Biden speaks about his executive order restricting asylum on the White House on June 4, 2024.
Kevin Dietsch/Getty Images

1. The regulation is basically a ban on asylum

Biden announced his executive order on June 4, 2024. It prevents anyone who crosses the US-Mexico border with no visa and without official entry from applying for asylum. It will take effect when the number of individuals crossing the US-Mexico border each day exceeds a mean of two,500.

There are generally greater than 2,500 People without visas crossing the US-Mexico border for every day of Biden's entire presidency.

In fact, this can be a ban on asylum. Importance of the legal claim for undocumented immigrants to stay within the United States because they face great harm of their home countries.

Under Biden’s order, some undocumented migrants who fear returning to their home country could also be entitled to other sorts of legal protections – for instance, legal protection for Survivors of torture.

To receive this special legal protection, migrants would have to supply US border and immigration officials with an incredible deal of evidence demonstrating the hazards they’d face of their home countries. They would have to supply more evidence than asylum seekers are required to supply. Migrants generally should not have this evidence and due to this fact receive no legal protection or opportunity to remain within the US.

Over the past decade, including during Biden’s presidency, about two-thirds of people that applied for asylum during their deportation proceedings were granted asylum or one other type of legal protection which allowed them to remain within the United States, in keeping with the Clearinghouse for access to transaction recordsan information organization at Syracuse University.

Biden's order implies that many individuals who would previously have been eligible for asylum under U.S. law will now be deported to Mexico or their home countries without the chance to use for asylum.

2. This may lead to a rise within the variety of undocumented minors crossing the border alone

Many individuals who reach the U.S.-Mexico border and enter the United States with no visa or an internet appointment with U.S. Customs and Border Protection can be quickly turned away and deported to Mexico or sent back to their home countries. The U.S. will need Mexico's cooperation to send non-Mexican residents back to Mexico. Mexico currently accepts Cuban, Haitian, Nicaraguan and Venezuelan residents deported from the United States

In December 2023, a couple of quarter of the migrants apprehended on the US-Mexico border were Border were from Mexicowhile one other quarter got here from El Salvador, Guatemala or Honduras. The largest group of migrants arrested got here from other countries, including Venezuela and China.

Biden's order doesn’t apply to anyone under 18 who crosses the U.S.-Mexico border with no parent or guardian. These children can be detained and transferred to deportation proceedings where they will apply for asylum or other immigration protections.

This creates the danger that desperate parents will send their children across the border alone. This happened from March 2020 to May 2023, when COVID-19-related border restrictions, called Title 42also prohibited undocumented immigrants crossing the US-Mexico border from applying for asylum. This restriction didn’t apply to unaccompanied minors. It led to a pointy increase for undocumented minors crossing the southern border of the United States from 2020 to 2023.

3. Biden is modelled on Donald Trump

Biden bases this executive order partly on an immigration law referred to 212(f)which supplies the President broad powers to ban the entry of certain non-citizens on the grounds that doing so can be “harmful” to US interests.

Former President Donald Trump invoked this law when he a travel ban imposed which in 2017 temporarily banned the entry of non-citizens from seven countries, including five predominantly Muslim countries. The US Supreme Court confirmed the third version of this ban than was legal in 2018. Biden reversed the ban in 2021.

A long line of people stands on the sidewalk, with a wall next to them.
Migrants, mostly from Central America, line as much as cross the border from Matamoros, Mexico, to Brownsville, Texas, on June 4, 2024.
Chandan Khanna/AFP via Getty Images

4. The implementing regulation is not going to be easy to implement

Whether Biden actually succeeds in reducing the variety of migrants crossing the US-Mexico border without visas or other authorization will rely on several aspects.

The president may have to force Mexico to just accept more deported residents from other countries in order that the United States can quickly turn away migrants. US Border Protection and Immigration Authorities were also overwhelmed by the massive influx of undocumented migrants crossing the border. They cannot easily apprehend and screen all migrants or respond quickly to migrants’ applications to remain within the United States in immigration courts, which require historic and big backlog.

The speedy processing and deportation of migrants to their home countries will even be an obstacle that might limit the effectiveness of the order. U.S. immigration authorities must first determine whether someone who says they’re afraid of returning to their country is eligible for other sorts of legal protection that usually are not asylum.

Deporting a Mexican or Cuban, Venezuelan, Nicaraguan or Haitian citizen could be quick and simple because Mexico accepts them. Deporting migrants from other countries would require their governments to assist them obtain the vital travel documents and, generally, arrange flights.

Still, Biden's order could deter many migrants who wish to cross the border within the hope of staying within the United States and looking for asylum.

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